Also in Health Protection:
25 Aug 2016
The number of confirmed cases of the exact strain of E.coli 0157 has increased to 19. Though newly linked to this outbreak, this additional case developed symptoms at the same time as the previous cases between 2 and 15 July.
The multi-agency group including health protection Scotland, Foods standard Scotland, NHS boards, and local authority environmental health teams are continuing to investigate this outbreak. Dunsyre Blue cheese remains the most likely cause of these cases.
Symptoms associated with E. coli 0157 can include stomach cramps, diarrhoea (often bloody), vomiting and occasionally fever.
Anyone developing symptoms including bloody diarrhoea should contact their GP for advise.
25 Aug 2016
Discovered opportunistically in Monkeys in Uganda. Zika virus (ZIKV) is flavivirus which causes relatively mild disease. The virus is transmitted by mosquitoes of genus Aedes, responsible for transmitting yellow fever and dengue fever. The first time ZIKV was transmitted outside of Africa and Asia was in 2007 outbreak at the Yap Island, in the federated state of Micronesia. In 2013 a further outbreak was report in French Polynesia, which continued into 2014 and in which the first cases of possible perinatal transmission and Gullain-Barre syndrome (GBS) were reported. Further outbreaks in Pacific Island were reported in 2014 and 2015.
In 2015 the first outbreaks were reported in South and Central America. In May 2015 ZIKV was then suspected and confirmed in the North East of Brazil. Other parts of Brazil soon reported outbreaks as did other countries in the region. Further cases were also reported from the Caribbean Islands.
Countries/territories/areas are assigned into category of risk of ZIKV transmission as determined by data provided by ECDC.